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ESL/ELD PROGRAM AT BRAMALEA SECONDARY SCHOOL

 

The ESL and ELD curriculum is based on the belief that broad proficiency in English is

essential to students' success in both their social and academic lives, and to their ability

to take their place in society as responsible and productive citizens. The curriculum is

designed to provide English language learners with the knowledge and skills they need

to achieve these goals. Its aim is to help students become successful English language

learners who can:

  • use English to communicate effectively in a variety of social settings;
  • use English to achieve academically in all subject areas;
  • select and use effective learning strategies;
  • integrate confidently into mainstream courses;
  • use English effectively to advocate for themselves in all areas of their lives;
  • make a successful transition to their chosen postsecondary destination (work,
  • apprenticeship, college, university);
  • function effectively in a society increasingly committed to the use of information
  • technology;
  • use critical-literacy and critical-thinking skills to interpret the world around them;
  • participate fully in the social, economic, political, and cultural life of their
  • communities and of Canada.

PROGRAMS TO SUPPORT ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS

 

Secondary school ESL and ELD programs are generally intended to support newcomers.

For their first few years in Ontario schools, many English language learners receive

support in one of the following two distinct programs designed to meet their language

learning needs and/or to help them develop the literacy skills they need in order to

continue their education and participate fully in life in Ontario:

 

English as a Second Language (ESL) programs are intended for students whose first

language is a language other than English or is a variety of English significantly

different from that used for instruction in Ontario schools. Students in these

programs have age-appropriate first-language literacy skills and educational

backgrounds.

 

English Literacy Development (ELD) programs are intended for students whose

first language is a language other than English or is a variety of English significantly

different from that used for instruction in Ontario schools. Students in these

programs are most often from countries in which their access to education has

been limited, so that they have had limited opportunities to develop language

and literacy skills in any language. Schooling in their countries of origin has been

inconsistent, disrupted, or even completely unavailable throughout the years that

these children would otherwise have been in school. As a result, they arrive in

Ontario secondary schools with significant gaps in their education.

 

ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE (ESL) COURSES

 

These courses are designed for English language learners who have had opportunities

to develop language and literacy skills in their own language appropriate to their age

or grade level. Most English language learners are in this group. These learners may be

entering secondary school from elementary school alongside their English-speaking

peers, or they may be entering secondary school in Ontario having recently arrived from

other countries. They can read and write in their own language within the expected

range for students of their age in their own country. They can build on their existing

first-language skills when learning English in an ESL program.

The five ESL courses are based on levels of proficiency in English. Depending on learners'

previous experience with English, students may be placed in ESL Level 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5

(ESL A B C D E) For example, a student who has been in full-time education in his or her country

of origin but who has never studied English would be placed in ESL A. A student

who has been in full-time education in his or her own country and has studied some

English might be placed in ESL Level B or C on the basis of the initial English language

assessment. A student who has studied English for several years might be placed in

ESL Level C, D, or E on the basis of the initial English language assessment.

 

ENGLISH LITERACY DEVELOPMENT (ELD) COURSES

 

These courses are designed for English language learners with limited prior schooling who

have not had opportunities to develop age-appropriate literacy skills in any language. These

students are from areas of the world where educational opportunities have not been consistently

available. Their needs differ in the following two important ways from the needs

of their English language learner peers who arrive with age-appropriate schooling:

They have significant gaps in their education and therefore have more to catch up on.

They need more intensive support for a longer period of time.

ELD courses provide an accelerated program of literacy development for these students.

There are five ELD courses based on levels of literacy development and proficiency in

English. Depending on learners' previous educational experience, first-language literacy

skills, and knowledge of English, students may be placed in ELD Level 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5

(ELD A B C D E) For example, a newly arrived student with no prior formal schooling and no

first-language literacy skills would be placed in ELD Level A. A student with some prior schooling

and some knowledge of English might be placed in ELD Level B or C.

 

ESL/ELD SUBJECT SPECIFIC COURSES

 

In addition to ESL and ELD core courses, Bramalea Secondary School offers the following subject support courses designed for English Language Learners:

 

Science gr. 9 and gr. 10 – SNC1LL, SNC2LL

Mathematics gr. 9 and gr. 10 – MAT1LL, MAT2LL

Introduction to Business Technology – BTT1LL

Geography – CGC1PL

Canadian History – CHC2PL

Civics – CHV20L

Careers – GLC20L

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