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​GRADE 9

 

 

SNC1D0 Grade 9 Academic Science

The grade 9 academic course will allow students the opportunity to explore the following strands. 


 

 

  • ​Biology:
    • Study of Ecology and Sustainability
    • Study of Non-living and living
    • Nutrient Cycles
    • Populations
    • Environmental Hazards
    • Food Webs and Chains and Energy Flow
  • Chemistry:
    • Study of Matter
    • Atomic and Molecular Structures
    • Properties of Elements and Compounds
    • Periodic Table
  • Physics:
    • Study of the Principles of Electricity
    • Current and Voltage
    • Series and Parallel Circuits
    • Static Electricity
  • Earth and Space:
    • Study of the Universe
    • Study of the Properties of the Universe and it's components
    • Constellations

Students inquiry and experimentation skills will be developed through investigating photo-scavenger hunt, physical and chemical changes lab, building different types of circuits, and building star maps.  Connections between science, technology, society and the environment will be explored through researching invasive species,  comparing household chemicals and safety, home wiring and safety, and space technology. 

Prerequisite:  None

 

 

SNC1P0  Grade 9 Applied Science

The Grade 9 Applied Science course will allow students the opportunity to explore the following strands: Scientific Investigation Skills are explored throughout the entire course and allow students to demonstrate their knowledge through various lab activities.

  •  Biology:
    • examines characteristics of sustainable ecosystems and the impact of human activity on these systems.
  • Chemistry:
    • students will explore the properties of matter and are introduced to common elements, simple compounds, and general features of the organization of the periodic table.
  • Physics:
    •  looks at the properties of static and current electricity, the cost of consumption of electrical energy along with distinguishing the social and environmental impacts between renewable and non-renewable sources.
  •  Earth and Space:
    • unit allows students to analyse the major challenges and benefits of space exploration, investigate the properties of different celestial objects in the universe, and demonstrate an understanding of major astronomical phenomena and components of the solar system.

 

Their inquiry and experimentation skills will be developed through lab based activities: The ecology photo scavenger hunt, which takes place in the outdoor eco-classroom, the investigating physical and chemical changes lab in chemistry, examining static charges lab for electricity and the building of a solar system lab for the space unit.  Connections between science, technology, society and the environment will be explored through examining how human activities threaten sustainability in ecosystems, how chemical and physical properties of common substances affect the use of everyday materials, and looking at what efforts can be made to decrease household energy costs and reduce energy consumption.

Prerequisite:  None

 

GRADE 10

 

SNC2D0  Grade 10 Academic Science

The Grade 10 Academic Science course will allow students the opportunity to explore the following strands:

  • Biology: Tissues, Organs and Systems of Living Things
    • Plant and animal cells, cell reproduction
    • Animal systems – digestive, respiratory and circulatory
    • Plant structures and function
  • Chemistry: Chemical Reactions
    • Naming and writing chemical formulas for a variety of compounds
    • Writing and analyzing chemical reactions
    • Acids and bases
  • Earth & Space Science: Climate Change
    • Factors affecting the Earth's climate
    • Ecological footprints
  • Physics: Light and Geometric Optics
    • Properties and sources of light
    • Light reflection in mirrors
    • Light refraction in lenses

Their inquiry and experimentation skills will be developed through microscope use, dissections (Earthworm, fish and frog), chemical reactions, acid-base neutralization, and use of ray boxes to examine the properties of light.  Connections between science, technology, society and the environment will be explored through hot topics such as cancer, stem cell research, oil spills, acid rain, ecological footprints and optical technology.  This is a follow-up course to Grade 9 Academic Science and a prerequisite for any University or College Level Science courses in Grade 11.

Prerequisite:  SNC1D0 or SNC1P0

 

 

SNC2P0   Grade 10 Applied Science

The Grade 10 Applied Science course will allow students the opportunity to explore the world around them through science. The course explores four strands of science:

  • Biology:
    • the components and role of cells in plants and animals will be explored
    • how complexity is built into our bodies through tissues, organs, and organ systems
    • how medical technologies such as CT, and MRI are used and how they function
  • Chemistry:
    •  discovering how chemicals interact with us on a daily basis
    • learning to name compounds, balance, and describe chemical reactions
    • acids and bases and the pH scale
  • Earth and Space Science:
    • exploring Earth’s ever changing climate
    • investigating natural and human causes of climate change
    • looking for ways to reduce human impact on our environment
  • Physics:
    • investigating light and optics and how we manipulate light
    • looking at colours and their additive and subtractive properties
    • applying knowledge of lenses and mirrors to glasses and cameras

Their inquiry and experimentation skills will be developed through investigations including animal dissections, acid base neutralizations, carbon dioxide heat exchange, and through interactive colour Gizmo’s.  Connections between science, technology, society and the environment will be explored through medical technology, chemical disaster clean ups, carbon footprint investigation, and the applications of lenses. This course is a pre requisite for any senior level college science including: SBI3CO, SCH4CO, SPH4CO

Prerequisite:  SNC1D0 or SNC1P0

 

GRADE 11

 

SBI3C0 Grade 11 College Biology

The Grade 11 College Biology course will allow students the opportunity to explore the structural basis of  life as a follow up to the grade 10 science course through the following strands:

  • Cellular Biology
    • study of the molecules of life and the how they form cell structures
    • structures and functions of cell organelles
    • membranes and membrane transport
    • energy production and breakdown through cellular processes such as photosynthesis and cellular respiration
  • Microbiology
    • study of microorganisms and their structures and characteristics
    • positive and negative impacts of microorganisms on humans and the environment
    • classification of organisms from various kingdoms
  • Genetics
    • study of reproduction and genetic distribution
    • diversity and variability of living things
    • genetic research and the social, environmental, and ethical implications
  • Anatomy of Mammals
    • study of the organ systems in the body and the interactions between them
    • study of some disorders of these systems
    • study of technologies used in maintaining health
    • environmental factors that impact human health
  • Plants in the Natural Environment
    • study of the specialized structures and functions of plants
    • study of the importance of plants and their relationships in the ecosystem
    • study of the impact of humans on plant life

Their inquiry and experimentation skills will be developed through investigating macromolecules, bacteria culturing, DNA modeling, and rat dissection.  Connections between science, technology, society and the environment will be explored through the study of protein denaturation, genetic disorders and inheritance patters, pathogen research, and disorders of the respiratory, circulatory, urinary, and digestive systems.  This course is a pre requisite for most college biology and life science programs.

Prerequisite:  SNC2D0 or SNC1P0

 

 

SBI3U0 Grade 11 University Biology

In the Grade 11 University Biology course, students will have the opportunity to explore the processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the following areas:

  • Diversity of Living Things
    • Classifying all living things by their anatomical and physiological characteristics
    • Learn how human activities affect the diversity of living things in ecosystems
    • Studying bacteria and viruses
  • Evolution
    • Study the biological process of evolution
    • Analyse the scientific evidence that explains the theory of evolution
    • Look at technology that enables humans to manipulate the development of species and how this has economic and environmental implications.
  • Genetic Processes
    • Mitosis review and an introduction to Meiosis
    • Laws of Genetics & Heredity
    • Study how variability and diversity of living things are the result from distribution of genetic materials
  • Animals: Structure and functions
    • Study of how organs work together as systems
    • Structure and function of Digestive system, Respiratory system and Circulatory systems
    • How systems interact in the body
    • Study of some disorders of these systems
  • Plants
    • The study of plants’ specialized structures and their functions
    • How plants adapt to their environment
    • Learn how plant variety is critical to the survival and sustainability to ecosystems

Their inquiry and experimentation skills will be developed through investigating how bacteria grows, enzymes and their associated mechanisms, rat dissection, and lung capacity.  Connections between science, technology, society and the environment will be explored through the study of genetic disorders, disorders of the digestive, respiratory and circulatory systems, benefits of bacteria, vaccinations, and plant reproduction. This course is a prerequisite for grade 12 university biology.

Prerequisite:  SNC2D0

 

 

SCH3U0  Grade 11 University Chemistry

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of

the properties of chemicals and chemical bonds; chemical reactions and quantitative relationships in those reactions; solutions and solubility; and atmospheric chemistry and the behaviour of gases. Students develop their analytical skills through performing laboratory activities and investigate the properties of matter through direct observation and through mathematical manipulations, as well as the impact of some common chemical reactions on society and the environment.

Units studied:

  • Matter, Chemical Trends, and Chemical Bonding
    • Element and their chemical and physical properties determined by the structure.
    • Naming and finding formula for compounds
  • Chemical Reactions
    • Chemical reactions and their applications for society and  the environment.
    • Writing and balancing chemical equations
  • Quantities in Chemical Reactions
    • Students will learn about the efficiency of chemical reactions  and learn how to determine and optimize reactions  by applying an understanding of proportions and quantitative relationships in such reactions.
  • Solutions and Solubility
    • Solutions and their properties
    • Physical and chemical properties of water.
    • Quantitative analysis of reactions in solutions
    • People have a responsibility to protect the integrity of Earth’s water resources.
  • Gases and Atmospheric Chemistry
    • Properties of gases
    • Quantitative analysis of gases

Throughout the course students will explore chemical reactions in all three states of matter and develop laboratory skills by participating in many laboratory investigations and hands on activities. The course stresses the importance of understanding chemicals properties of matter and their applications in everyday life; especially in minimizing the risks to human health and the environment. This course is a prerequisite for grade 12 university chemistry.7

Prerequisite:  SNC2D0

 

 

SPH3U  Grade 11 University Physics

The grade 12 University Physics course will allow students the opportunity to explore the following strands: 

  • Kinematics: Students will demonstrate an understanding of uniform and non-uniform linear motion, in one and two dimensions. They will investigate, in qualitative and quantitative terms, uniform and non-uniform motion, and solve related problems.
  • Forces: Students will demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between changes in velocity and unbalanced forces in one dimension. They will investigate qualitatively and quantitatively net force, acceleration, and mass; and solve related problems.
  • Energy and Society: Students will demonstrate an understanding of work, efficiency, power, gravitational potential energy, kinetic energy, nuclear energy, and thermal energy and its transfer as heat. They will investigate energy transformations and the law of conservation of energy, and solve related problems.
  • Waves and Sound: Students will demonstrate an understanding of the properties of mechanical waves and sound and of the principles underlying their production, transmission, interaction, and reception. They will investigate the properties of mechanical waves and sound, and solve related problems.
  • Electricity and Magnetism: Students will demonstrate an understanding of the properties of magnetic fields, the principles of current and electron flow, and the operation of selected technologies that use the properties and principles to produce and transmit electrical energy. They will investigate magnetic fields and electric circuits and solve related problems.

Their inquiry and experimentation skills will be developed through investigating projectile motion, forces on an incline, energy transformation, standing waves, electric motor and a cumulative project where they build a roller coaster.  Connections between science, technology, society and the environment will be explored through analyzing and proposing improvements to technologies that apply concepts related to kinematics, dynamics, Newton's laws, electrical energy production and energy transformations,  and assess the technologies' social, economic and environmental impact.

This course is a prerequisite for Grade 12 University Physics. 

Prerequisite:  SNC2D0

 

 

GRADE 12

 

SBI4U0 Grade 12 University Biology 

The Grade 12 University Biology course will allow students the opportunity to explore the biochemical basis of  life as a follow up to the grade 11 university biology course through the following strands. 

  • Biochemistry
    • study of the molecules of life and the reactions in which  they participate
    • membranes and membrane transport
    • enzymes and associated mechanisms
  • Metabolism
    • study of the reactions of  the mitochondrion and chloroplast
    • Glycolysis, oxidative decarboxylation, Kreb's cycle, electron transport chain
    • Light reactions and Calvin cycle
    • Connections between metabolism and society
  • Molecular Genetics
    • Historical experiments around DNA
    • DNA replication
    • Transcription
    • Translation
    • Biotechnology
  • Homeostasis
    • Study of the self-regulatory mechanisms involved in the excretory system, endocrine system, nervous system
    • Study of some disorders of these systems

Their inquiry and experimentation skills will be developed through investigating membrane permeability, enzymes and their associated mechanisms, lamb kidney dissection and sheep brain dissection  Connections between science, technology, society and the environment will be explored through the study of metabolic toxins, bioaugmentation, fitness and metabolism, gene transformation of E. Coli, disorders of the excretory, endocrine and nervous systems.  This course is a pre requisite for most university biology and biochemistry programs.

Prerequisite:  SBI3U0

 

 

SCH4CO   Grade 12 College Chemistry

The Grade 12 College Chemistry course  will allow students the opportunity to explore the world around them through chemistry. The course explores five strands of chemistry:

  • Matter and Qualitative Analysis:
    • the three types of matter will be looked as well as their properties
    • qualitative analysis will be refined through lab skills training
  • Organic Chemistry:
    • discovering how organic chemicals interact with us on a daily basis
    • learning to name, describe and create  organic chemicals
  • Electrochemistry:
    • exploring oxidation and reduction reactions
    • investigating how batteries work and how electrical current is generated
  • Chemical  Calculations:
    • investigating the mole as the main quantity in chemistry
    • looking at quantitative analysis through real life examples
  • Chemistry in the Environment:
    • a detailed examination of water and what makes it clean or polluted
    • using a case study of the Great Lakes to dig further into the material
    • acid and base chemistry will be explored through titrations

Their inquiry and experimentation skills will be developed through investigations including household pH, acid base titrations, water purification and analysis, flame tests, and through the synthesis of organic compounds.  Connections between science, technology, society and the environment will be explored through medical technology, Great Lakes clean up, acid rain investigation, and the hazards of battery disposal and use. This course is a pre requisite for many college science programs, and is specifically desired for those pursuing nursing or firefighting at various institutions.

Prerequisite:  SNC2D0 or SNC2P0

 

 

SCH4UO   Grade 12 University Chemistry

The Grade 12 University Chemistry course  will allow students the opportunity to explore the world around them through chemistry. The course explores five strands of chemistry:

  • Structure and Properties of Matter:
    • looking at all atomic models and how they describe the properties of matter
    • exploring the nature of chemical bonds and forces between atoms
  • Organic Chemistry:
    • discovering how organic chemicals interact with us on a daily basis
    • learning to name, describe and synthesize  organic chemicals
  • Electrochemistry:
    • exploring oxidation and reduction reactions
    • investigating how batteries work and the applications of galvanic cells
  • Chemical Systems and Equilibrium:
    • acid and base equilibrium, and titrations of weak and strong acids and bases
    • looking at reversible reactions and discovering their properties
  • Energy Changes and Rates of Reaction:
    • a detailed examination of the thermochemistry of  processes
    • exploring how to speed up or slow chemical reactions by changing factors

Their inquiry and experimentation skills will be developed through investigations including rate manipulation lab, acid base titrations, galvanic cell creation, flame tests, and through the synthesis of organic compounds including esters.  Connections between science, technology, society and the environment will be explored through medical technology, Great Lakes clean up, acid rain investigation, and the hazards of battery disposal and use. This course is a pre requisite for most university science courses. Any students wishing to pursue any science or engineering programs should take this course.

Prerequisite: SCH3U0

 

 

SNC4M0 Grade 12 Science

The Grade 12 university/college preparation Science course will allow students the opportunity to explore contemporary social and environmental issues in health-related fields through the following strands:

  • Nutritional Science
    • The role of various nutrients found in foods
    • The role of food additives and their affect on human health
    • Connections between nutrition and human disease
  • Medical Technologies
    • Study of various medical technologies and the information they provide about the human body
    • The role of medical technologies in diagnosis and treatment of disease
    •  Study of conventional versus alternative therapies
  • Public Health Issues
    • Study of  various infectious diseases past and present eg. major pandemics
    • Study of chronic diseases and prevention strategies
    • Advances in public health including widespread immunization, new drug therapies to combat disease
  • Pathogens and Disease
    • Structure and function of various pathogens including bacteria, viruses, fungi and protists
    • Study of how pathogens cause disease
    • Strategies used to control pathogens
  • Biotechnology
    • Study of use of living organisms to make or modify products
    • Selective breeding to create particular breeds of animals
    • Study of genetically modified organisms and their applications to human health

Their inquiry and experimentation skills will be developed through investigating various nutrients found in foods, analysis of energy content of foods, effectiveness of antimicrobial agents, analysis of diagnostic images of the human body, computer simulations of DNA fingerprinting, gel electrophoresis and polymerase chain reaction.  Connections between science, technology, society and the environment will be explored through the study of recombinant DNA and gene transformation of E. Coli.

Prerequisite:  SNC2D0 or any Grade 11U or C level course in Science

 

 

SPH4C0  Grade 12 College Physics

The grade Grade 12 College Physics course will allow students the opportunity to explore concepts related to motion, energy, machines and systems used in machines such as mechanical, electrical, hydraulic and pneumatic.   In this way they will build on their knowledge and scientific investigation skills from  their grade 10 science course through the following strands. 

  • Kinematics
    • The nature of motion and its mathematical relationships
    • Technologies that utilize the principles of motion have societal and environmental implications
  • Mechanical Systems
    • Force and mechanical systems that do work
    • Friction and mechanical systems
    • Connections between society and the use of mechanical systems
  • Energy Transformations
    • Types of Energy and efficiency of systems
    • Impact of technology that involve energy transformations on society and the environment
  • Hydraulic and Pneumatic Systems
    • Fluid, their properties  and work
    • Societal and environmental implication of using hydraulic and pneumatic systems

Their inquiry and experimentation skills will be developed through investigating the motion of motion carts, force and their importance for machines, current in simple electric circuits, fluid statics and fluid dynamics.  Connections between science, technology, society and the environment will be explored through the study of motion detecting devices, efficiency of machines, hydraulic systems used in industry electromagnetic devices used in real life.

Prerequisite:  SNC2D0 or SNC2P0

 

 

SPH4U0  Grade 12 University Physics

The grade 12 University Physics course will allow students the opportunity to explore the following strands: 

  • Dynamics: Students will review concepts essential to their success in the course: scientific notation, significant digits, vector operations, and fundamental mathematical tools. Principles of kinematics and free body diagrams will also be reviewed and extended. By the end of the unit, students will demonstrate and understanding of the forces involved in uniform circular motion and motion in a plane. They will have investigated forces involved in these modes of motion and have solved related problems.
  • Energy and Momentum: Students will demonstrate an understanding of work, energy, momentum. Drawing from Grade 10 concepts of the laws of conservation of energy, they will extend these ideas to conservation of momentum in one and two dimensions. Through computer simulation and other modes of inquiry they will investigate these phenomena and solve related problems.
  • Gravitational, Electric and Magnetic Fields: By the end of this unit, students will demonstrate an understanding of the concepts, properties, principles and laws related to gravitational, electric and magnetic fields, particularly with respect to their interactions with matter. They will investigate these phenomena graphically and through use of other electronic models.
  • The Wave Nature of Light: Building upon concepts developed during Grade 10, students will study light with particular respect to its wave nature. Properties of waves will be discussed in a general sense, and the principles of diffraction, refraction, interference and polarization will be investigated theoretically and through simulation. Technologies that make use of the knowledge of the wave nature of light, and their social and environmental impacts, will be discussed.
  • Revolutions in Modern Physics: In this unit, some of the most exciting and counterintuitive concepts in physics, including Einstein's ideas about relativity, photoelectric effect, and particle physics, will be examined. Quantum mechanics and special relativity will be investigated mathematically and related problems will be solved.

 

Their inquiry and experimentation skills will be developed through investigating forces on an incline, circular motion and centripetal force, collisions in 2D, and Millikan’s Experiment. Connections between science, technology, society and the environment will be explored through analyzing a medieval technical device and building it, assessing the impact on society and the environment of technologies or procedures that apply the principles of energy and momentum and analyzing the operation of a technological system that uses gravitational, electric, or magnetic fields. 


 

This course is a prerequisite for various post secondary programs such as Engineering, Architecture, and Computer Science.

Prerequisite:  SPH3U0


 

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