 Math   C. Shiffman (Head)K. CorkumJ. GorukC. SpizzirriW. TelfordC. SalituroT. Ward M. WhyteS. Singh     Helpful Math Websites:         Courses   Grade 9 Mathematics (MPM 1D0 or MPM 1D7) Academic The Grade 9 Academic Mathematics course will enable students to generalize mathematical ideas and methods through applications, use of technology, abstract reasoning and hands-on activities. Topics include numeracy in integers and rational numbers, development of relationships in analytic geometry including slope and equations of lines, relationships between volume and surface area of objects in measurement, statistics including line of best fit, exponents and roots, extension of algebraic skills in polynomials and solving equations, and investigation of geometric properties in triangles, quadrilaterals and parallel lines. This course will prepare the student for the Academic or Applied course at the Grade 10 level.Grade 9 Mathematics (MFM 1P0) Applied The Grade 9 Applied Mathematics course will enable students to develop an understanding of mathematical concepts related to introductory algebra, proportional reasoning, and measurement and geometry through investigation, the effective use of technology, and hands-on activities. Students will investigate real-life examples to develop various representations of linear relations, and will determine the connections between the representations. They will also explore certain relationships that emerge from the measurement of three-dimensional figures and two-dimensional shapes. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.Grade 10 Mathematics (MPM 2D0 or MPM 2D9) AcademicThe Grade 10 Academic Mathematics course will enable students to broaden their understanding of relations, extend skills in problem-solving, and continue to develop abilities in abstract reasoning. Topics include quadratic functions and applications, solution of linear systems, solution of analytic geometry problems to verify properties of geometric figures, extension of algebraic skills including factoring techniques, and trigonometry.Grade 10 Mathematics (MFM 2P0) AppliedThe Grade 10 Applied Mathematics course will enable studentsto consolidate their understanding of key mathematical concepts through hands-on activities and to extend their problem-solving skills in applications. Topics include linear functions, solving linear systems, proportional reasoning, similar triangles, trigonometry, and quadratic functions and equations.Grade 11 Mathematics (MBF 3C0) CollegeThe Grade 11 College Mathematics course (MBF 3C0) will enable students to broaden their understanding of exponential growth and of importantareas of personal finance. Topics include personal financial planning, exponentialexpressions, sequences and series, simple and compound interest and their effects, annuities, consumer spending, and accommodation and vehicle costs.Grade 11 Mathematics (MCR 3U0 and MCF 3M0) University and Univ./CollegeThe Grade 11 University Mathematics course (MCR 3U0) willintroduce some financial applications of mathematics, extend experiences with functions and introduces second-degree relations. Topics include algebraic skills with rational and exponential expressions, quadratic functions and equations, transformations of functions including the inverse of a function, applications of trigonometric functions, sequences and series, compound interest and annuities, and loci and conics. The Grade 11 University/College Mathematics course (MCF 3M0) is identical to the above, except for the topic of loci and conics.   Grade 11 Mathematics (MEL 3E0) WorkplaceThe Grade 11 Workplace Preparation Mathematics course (MEL 3E0) will enable students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as it is applied in important areas of day-to-day living. Topics include earning money, paying taxes, making purchases, simple and compound interest in saving, investing, and borrowing situations, and travel and vehicle costs. Grade 12 Mathematics (MAP 4C0) CollegeThe Grade 12 College Mathematics course (MAP 4C0) will equip students with the mathematical knowledge and skills they will need in many college programs. Students will use statistical methods to analyze problems; solve problems involving the application of principles of geometry and measurement to the design and construction of physical models; solve problems involving trigonometry in triangles; and consolidate their skills in analyzing and interpreting mathematical models.   Grade 12 Mathematics (MCT 4C0) CollegeThis course equips students with the mathematical knowledge and skills needed for entry into college technology programs. Topics include properties of polynomials, trigonometric, exponential, logarithmic, and reciprocal functions and problems involving inverse proportionality. Students will also analyze models of a variety of functions, solve problems involving piecewise-defined functions, solve linear-quadratic systems, and consolidate key manipulation and communication skills.   Grade 12 Mathematics (MCB 4U0) UniversityThe Grade 12 Advanced Functions and Introductory Calculus course builds on students’ experience with functions and introduces the basic concepts and skills of calculus. Topics include properties of polynomial functions, polynomial equations and inequalities including Factor Theorem, concepts of limits and rates of change, derivatives and applications including optimization problems, properties of exponential and logarithmic functions, derivatives of exponential and logarithmic functions and applications to curve sketching.   Grade 12 Mathematics of Data Management (MDM 4U0) UniversityThe Grade 12 University Mathematics of Data Management course (MDM 4U0) broadens students’ understanding of mathematics as it relates to managing information. Students will apply methods for organizing large amounts of information; apply counting techniques, probability and statistics in modeling and solving problems; and carry out a culminating project that integrates the expectations of the course and encourages perseverance and independence. Students planning to pursue university programs in business, the social sciences, or the humanities will find this course of particular interest.   Grade 12 Geometry and Discrete Mathematics (MGA 4U0) UniversityThe Grade 12 University Geometry and Discrete Mathematics course (MGA 4UO) enables students to broaden mathematical knowledge and skills related to abstract mathematical topics and to the solving of complex problems. Students will solve problems involving geometric and Cartesian vectors, and intersections of lines and planes in three-space. They will also develop an understanding of proof, using deductive, algebraic, vector, and indirect methods. Students will solve problems involving counting techniques and prove results using mathematical induction.   Grade 12 Mathematics (MEL 4E0) WorkplaceThe Grade 12 Workplace Preparation Mathematics course (MEL 4E0) will enable students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as it is applied in important areas of day-to-day living. Topics include statistics, probability, accommodation costs, household budgets, estimation and measurement, and application of geometry in the creation of designs. 